globalchange  > 气候变化与战略
DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2020.109626
Oceanic redox evolution around the end-Permian mass extinction at Meishan, South China
Author: Xiang L.; Zhang H.; Schoepfer S.D.; Cao C.-Q.; Zheng Q.-F.; Yuan D.-X.; Cai Y.-F.; Shen S.-Z.
Source Publication: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
ISSN: 310182
Publishing Year: 2020
Volume: 544
Language: 英语
Keyword: Anoxia ; Euxinia ; Iron speciation ; Permian-Triassic boundary ; Trace elements
Scopus Keyword: anoxia ; atmosphere-ocean system ; bioturbation ; iron ; lithostratigraphy ; mass extinction ; oceanic lithosphere ; Permian-Triassic boundary ; redox conditions ; speciation (chemistry) ; trace element ; China ; Meishan ; Zhejiang
English Abstract: The end-Permian marine extinction (EPME) eliminated >80% of species globally, making it the most severe extinction of the Phanerozoic. Anoxia and euxinia are potential kill mechanisms that may have contributed to this biotic crisis. However, redox changes in the atmosphere-ocean system are likely to have been complex, with both the vertical location of the oxic-anoxic boundary (in the water column or sediments), and the total area or volume of anoxic and euxinic water in the global ocean changing over time. In this study, we generated iron speciation and major and trace element data from 141 samples of the Meishan-1 core, which was drilled at a site 550 m to the west of the Meishan D section. Iron speciation results, in combination with authigenic concentrations and enrichment factors of redox-sensitive metals (Mo, V, and U), and previously published macrofossil, trace fossil, and bioturbation evidence, suggest that: 1) Beds 21-24d were deposited beneath a predominantly oxic water column, 2) Beds 24e-28 were deposited under a persistently anoxic watermass with intermittently euxinic bottom water, and 3) Beds 29–34 were deposited under primarily ferruginous conditions. Excess fractions and enrichment factors of U, V and Mo in the anoxic and euxinic intervals of the Meishan-1 core suggest that authigenic precipitation of redox-sensitive trace metals mainly occurred before and during the EPME, with nearly no detectable authigenic U, V, or Mo accumulating after the EPME. Our results, along with published U, V and Mo concentrations from across the Neotethys, Paleotethys, and Panthalassic Ocean basins, indicate that oceanic trace metal reservoirs were depleted before and during the main extinction interval. This depletion of oceanic trace elements suggests a spatial expansion of both anoxic and euxinic watermasses prior to and during the EPME. The apparent coincidence in timing between the mass extinction and the areal expansion of anoxic and euxinic watermasses suggests that these factors played important roles in the loss of marine biota around the Permian-Triassic boundary (PTB), through oxygen deprivation and H2S toxicity. © 2020 Elsevier B.V.
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Document Type: 期刊论文
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Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 39 East Beijing Road, Nanjing, 210008, China; Department of Geosciences and Natural Resources, Western Carolina University, 1 University Way, Cullowhee, NC 28779, United States; School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University, 163 Xianlin Avenue, Nanjing, 210023, China

Recommended Citation:
Xiang L.,Zhang H.,Schoepfer S.D.,et al. Oceanic redox evolution around the end-Permian mass extinction at Meishan, South China[J]. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology,2020-01-01,544
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