globalchange  > 过去全球变化的重建
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.12.053
Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84956685858
More surprises in the global greenhouse: Human health impacts from recent toxic marine aerosol formations, due to centennial alterations of world-wide coastal food webs
Author: Walsh J.J.; Lenes J.M.; Weisberg R.H.; Zheng L.; Hu C.; Fanning K.A.; Snyder R.; Smith J.
Source Publication: Marine Pollution Bulletin
ISSN: 0025-326X
EISSN: 1879-3363
Publishing Year: 2017
Volume: 116, Issue:2018-01-02
pages begin: 9
pages end: 40
Language: 英语
Keyword: Aerosols ; Biogeochemical cycles ; Health impacts ; Marine systems
Scopus Keyword: Biogeochemistry ; Climate change ; Deforestation ; Diseases ; Ecology ; Effluents ; Esters ; Eutrophication ; Health ; Mercury (metal) ; Oil spills ; Oils and fats ; Phytoplankton ; Plankton ; Potassium compounds ; Sewage ; Agricultural effluents ; Biogeochemical cycle ; Endocrine disruption ; Harmful algal blooms ; Health impact ; Human health impacts ; Marine systems ; Western boundary currents ; Aerosols ; aerosol ; marine toxin ; aerosol ; algal bloom ; animal ; asthma ; climate change ; dinoflagellate ; food chain ; global health ; human ; zooplankton ; Aerosols ; Animals ; Asthma ; Climate Change ; Dinoflagellida ; Food Chain ; Global Health ; Harmful Algal Bloom ; Humans ; Marine Toxins ; Zooplankton
Subject of Scopus: Agricultural and Biological Sciences: Aquatic Science ; Earth and Planetary Sciences: Oceanography ; Environmental Science: Pollution
English Abstract: Reductions of zooplankton biomasses and grazing pressures were observed during overfishing-induced trophic cascades and concurrent oil spills at global scales. Recent phytoplankton increments followed, once Fe-, P-, and N-nutrient limitations of commensal diazotrophs and dinoflagellates were also eliminated by respective human desertification, deforestation, and eutrophication during climate changes. Si-limitation of diatoms instead ensued during these last anthropogenic perturbations of agricultural effluents and sewage loadings. Consequently, ~ 15% of total world-wide annual asthma trigger responses, i.e. amounting to ~ 45 million adjacent humans during 2004, resulted from brevetoxin and palytoxin poisons in aerosol forms of western boundary current origins. They were denoted by greater global harmful algal bloom [HAB] abundances and breathing attacks among sea-side children during prior decadal surveys of asthma prevalence, compiled here in ten paired shelf ecosystems of western and eutrophied boundary currents. Since 1965, such inferred onshore fluxes of aerosolized DOC poisons of HABs may have served as additional wind-borne organic carriers of toxic marine MeHg, phthalate, and DDT/DDE vectors, traced by radio-iodine isotopes to potentially elicit carcinomas. During these exchanges, as much as 40% of mercury poisonings may instead have been effected by inhalation of collateral HAB-carried marine neurotoxic aerosols of MeHg, not just from eating marine fish. Health impacts in some areas were additional asthma and pneumonia episodes, as well as endocrine disruptions among the same adjacent humans, with known large local rates of thyroid cancers, physician-diagnosed pulmonary problems, and ubiquitous high indices of mercury in hair, pesticides in breast milk, and phthalates in urine. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
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被引频次[WOS]:5   [查看WOS记录]     [查看WOS中相关记录]
Document Type: 期刊论文
Appears in Collections:过去全球变化的重建

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Affiliation: College of Marine Science, University of South Florida, St. Petersberg, FL, United States; Virginia Institute of Marine Science Eastern Shore Laboratory, Wachapreague, VA, United States; Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, United States

Recommended Citation:
Walsh J.J.,Lenes J.M.,Weisberg R.H.,et al. More surprises in the global greenhouse: Human health impacts from recent toxic marine aerosol formations, due to centennial alterations of world-wide coastal food webs[J]. Marine Pollution Bulletin,2017-01-01,116(2018-01-02)
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