gchange  > 气候减缓与适应
DOI: 10.1111/ele.12437
Scopus记录号: 2-s2.0-84931561318
论文题名:
Environmental variation and population responses to global change
作者: Lawson C.R.; Vindenes Y.; Bailey L.; van de Pol M.
刊名: Ecology Letters
ISSN: 1461023X
EISSN: 1461-0248
收录类别: SCI ; SCI-E
出版年: 2015
卷: 18, 期:7
起始页码: 724
结束页码: 736
语种: 英语
英文关键词: Climate change ; Climate fluctuations ; Climate variation ; Demographic rates ; Extreme events ; Functional type ; Global warming ; Stochastic growth rate ; Temperature variation ; Thermal performance
Scopus关键词: assessment method ; biodiversity ; body mass ; climate variation ; environmental change ; extreme event ; global change ; global warming ; human activity ; phylogenetics ; population decline ; population growth ; population modeling ; prediction ; temperature gradient ; animal ; biodiversity ; biological model ; environment ; evolution ; greenhouse effect ; plant ; population dynamics ; Animals ; Biodiversity ; Biological Evolution ; Environment ; Global Warming ; Models, Biological ; Plants ; Population Dynamics
英文摘要: Species' responses to environmental changes such as global warming are affected not only by trends in mean conditions, but also by natural and human-induced environmental fluctuations. Methods are needed to predict how such environmental variation affects ecological and evolutionary processes, in order to design effective strategies to conserve biodiversity under global change. Here, we review recent theoretical and empirical studies to assess: (1) how populations respond to changes in environmental variance, and (2) how environmental variance affects population responses to changes in mean conditions. Contrary to frequent claims, empirical studies show that increases in environmental variance can increase as well as decrease long-term population growth rates. Moreover, environmental variance can alter and even reverse the effects of changes in the mean environment, such that even if environmental variance remains constant, omitting it from population models compromises their ability to predict species' responses to changes in mean conditions. Drawing on theory relating these effects of environmental variance to the curvatures of population growth responses to the environment, we outline how species' traits such as phylogenetic history and body mass could be used to predict their responses to global change under future environmental variability. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd/CNRS.
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被引频次[WOS]:47   [查看WOS记录]     [查看WOS中相关记录]
资源类型: 期刊论文
标识符: http://119.78.100.177/globalchange/handle/2HF3EXSE/107981
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作者单位: Department of Animal Ecology, Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), Droevendaalsesteeg 10, Wageningen, Netherlands; Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis (CEES), Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; Division of Evolution, Ecology and Genetics, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia

Recommended Citation:
Lawson C.R.,Vindenes Y.,Bailey L.,et al. Environmental variation and population responses to global change[J]. Ecology Letters,2015-01-01,18(7)
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