globalchange  > 影响、适应和脆弱性
DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13896
Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85030627756
Title:
Networking our science to characterize the state, vulnerabilities, and management opportunities of soil organic matter
Author: Harden J.W.; Hugelius G.; Ahlström A.; Blankinship J.C.; Bond-Lamberty B.; Lawrence C.R.; Loisel J.; Malhotra A.; Jackson R.B.; Ogle S.; Phillips C.; Ryals R.; Todd-Brown K.; Vargas R.; Vergara S.E.; Cotrufo M.F.; Keiluweit M.; Heckman K.A.; Crow S.E.; Silver W.L.; DeLonge M.; Nave L.E.
Source Publication: Global Change Biology
ISSN: 13541013
Publishing Year: 2018
Volume: 24, Issue:2
pages begin: e705
pages end: e718
Language: 英语
Keyword: agricultural practices ; C cycling ; C sequestration ; global CO2 ; network ; soil ; soil carbon ; soil management
Scopus Keyword: agricultural practice ; carbon cycle ; carbon dioxide ; carbon sequestration ; management practice ; organic carbon ; soil carbon ; soil management ; soil organic matter
English Abstract: Soil organic matter (SOM) supports the Earth's ability to sustain terrestrial ecosystems, provide food and fiber, and retains the largest pool of actively cycling carbon. Over 75% of the soil organic carbon (SOC) in the top meter of soil is directly affected by human land use. Large land areas have lost SOC as a result of land use practices, yet there are compensatory opportunities to enhance productivity and SOC storage in degraded lands through improved management practices. Large areas with and without intentional management are also being subjected to rapid changes in climate, making many SOC stocks vulnerable to losses by decomposition or disturbance. In order to quantify potential SOC losses or sequestration at field, regional, and global scales, measurements for detecting changes in SOC are needed. Such measurements and soil-management best practices should be based on well established and emerging scientific understanding of processes of C stabilization and destabilization over various timescales, soil types, and spatial scales. As newly engaged members of the International Soil Carbon Network, we have identified gaps in data, modeling, and communication that underscore the need for an open, shared network to frame and guide the study of SOM and SOC and their management for sustained production and climate regulation. © 2017 The Authors. Global Change Biology Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
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被引频次[WOS]:24   [查看WOS记录]     [查看WOS中相关记录]
Document Type: 期刊论文
Identifier: http://119.78.100.158/handle/2HF3EXSE/110544
Appears in Collections:影响、适应和脆弱性
气候变化事实与影响

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Affiliation: Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States; U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA, United States; Department of Physical Geography and Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund, Sweden; Department of Soil, Water, and Environmental Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Joint Global Change Research Institute, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, United States; U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO, United States; Department of Geography, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, United States; Climate Change Science Institute and Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, United States; Woods Institute for the Environment and Precourt Institute for Energy, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States; Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory and Department of Ecosystem Science and Sustainability, Colorado State University, Fort CollinsCO, United States; USDA-ARS Forage Seed and Cereal Research Unit, Corvallis, OR, United States; Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI, United States; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, United States; Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, United States; Department of Environmental Science Policy and Management, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, United States; School of Earth and Sustainability, Stockbridge School of Agriculture, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, United States; USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station, Houghton, MI, United States; Food and Environment Program, Union of Concerned ScientistsDC, United States; Biological Station and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Pellston, MI, United States

Recommended Citation:
Harden J.W.,Hugelius G.,Ahlström A.,et al. Networking our science to characterize the state, vulnerabilities, and management opportunities of soil organic matter[J]. Global Change Biology,2018-01-01,24(2)
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