globalchange  > 全球变化的国际研究计划
DOI: 10.1002/joc.5881
Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85055520334
Does the modern-era retrospective analysis for research and applications-2 aerosol reanalysis introduce an improvement in the simulation of surface solar radiation over China?
Author: Feng F.; Wang K.
Source Publication: International Journal of Climatology
ISSN: 8998418
Publishing Year: 2019
Volume: 39, Issue:3
pages begin: 1305
pages end: 1318
Language: 英语
Keyword: aerosol ; cloud ; MERRA2 ; surface incident solar radiation
Scopus Keyword: Aerosols ; Atmospheric aerosols ; Clouds ; NASA ; Tectonics ; Aerosol-cloud interaction ; Atmospheric optical depth ; MERRA2 ; Research and application ; Retrospective analysis ; Scientific applications ; Sources of informations ; Surface solar radiation ; Incident solar radiation
English Abstract: Surface incident solar radiation (R s ) is a key parameter of energy and water cycles of the Earth. Reanalyses represent important sources of information on R s . However, reanalyses R s may have important bias due to their imperfect parameterizations and input errors of cloud and aerosol. NASA's Global Modelling and Assimilation Office has recently released Version 2 of the Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA2), which incorporates a reanalysis of atmospheric optical depth for the first time. In this study, we evaluate R s from MERRA2 and its predecessor (MERRA) in China from 1980 to 2014. We first compare three possible reference data sources: (a) observed R s at 122 stations, (b) satellite retrievals of R s and (c) R s values derived from sunshine durations measured at 2,400 weather stations. We find sunshine duration derived R s is a reliable reference and use it to evaluate MERRA and MERRA2. Our results show that both MERRA and MERRA2 have a high mean bias of 38.63 and 43.86 W/m 2 over China due to their underestimation of cloud fraction, which is greater in southern China. MERRA2 displays improved capability in reproducing monthly and annual variability, and national mean trend of R s . MERRA overestimates the trend of R s by 3.23 W/m 2 in eastern China. MERRA2 reduced this trend bias over the North China Plain likely due to its aerosol assimilation. However, MERRA2 show a negative bias in trend of R s (−3.44 W/m 2 ) in the south China likely due to its overestimation of atmospheric aerosols loading and aerosol-cloud interaction. The results provide guidance for future development of reanalysis and its scientific applications for ecological and hydrological models. © 2018 The Authors. International Journal of Climatology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of the Royal Meteorological Society.
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Document Type: 期刊论文
Appears in Collections:全球变化的国际研究计划

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Affiliation: College of Global Change and Earth System Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China

Recommended Citation:
Feng F.,Wang K.. Does the modern-era retrospective analysis for research and applications-2 aerosol reanalysis introduce an improvement in the simulation of surface solar radiation over China?[J]. International Journal of Climatology,2019-01-01,39(3)
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