globalchange  > 气候变化事实与影响
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2019.01.027
Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85060880111
Toward understanding the process-level impacts of aerosols on microphysical properties of shallow cumulus cloud using aircraft observations
Author: Yang Y.; Zhao C.; Dong X.; Fan G.; Zhou Y.; Wang Y.; Zhao L.; Lv F.; Yan F.
Source Publication: Atmospheric Research
ISSN: 1698095
Publishing Year: 2019
Volume: 221
pages begin: 27
pages end: 33
Language: 英语
Keyword: Aerosol ; Aircraft observation ; Cloud droplet effective radius ; Liquid water content ; Shallow cumulus ; Vertical velocity
Scopus Keyword: Aircraft ; Binary alloys ; Clouds ; Drops ; Velocity ; Aircraft observations ; Effective radius ; Liquid water content ; Shallow cumulus ; Vertical velocity ; Aerosols ; aerosol ; airborne survey ; cloud microphysics ; cumulus ; droplet ; size distribution ; water content ; China ; North China Plain
English Abstract: Representation of clouds remains as the largest uncertainty in future climate predictions. Numerous studies have found and investigated the impacts of aerosols on cloud microphysical properties. However, few studies have investigated the process-level impact of aerosols on cloud microphysical properties, particularly over heavy polluted north China plain region. Using the aircraft observations, this study investigates the variation of cloud droplet size distribution (DSD) with aerosol concentration and vertical velocity (VV) in a shallow cumulus cloud with sufficient liquid water content (LWC). Strong variation in both cloud droplet number concentration (N) and LWC exists, with values from a few cm −3 to >1200 cm −3 , and from 0 to 3.0 g/m 3 , respectively. In general, the total cloud N (effective radius r e ) for cases with weak VV is slightly less (smaller) than that for cases with high VV for this cumulus cloud with high LWC. Potential mechanisms about the impacts of aerosols (or VV) on the cumulus microphysical properties are proposed for both high and low LWC conditions. Simply said, the change of cloud N mainly depends on the amount of aerosols, and the change of cloud droplet r e depends on both the supply of water content and the amount of aerosols: if LWC is high and aerosol amount is not too large, both cloud N and r e increase with increasing aerosols; if LWC is low or if LWC is high but aerosol amount is too large, cloud N increase but r e decrease with increasing aerosols. Note that for two cases with very strong downdraft, the cloud droplets seem less and smaller than strong VV cases. The most likely reason is that very strong downdraft along with the adiabatic cooling makes dry air above the cloud enter into clouds and causes evaporation of droplets, resulting in smaller and less cloud droplets. © 2019
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Document Type: 期刊论文
Appears in Collections:气候变化事实与影响

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Affiliation: Weather Modification Office of Hebei Province, Shijiazhuang, China; Key Laboratory for Cloud Physics of China Meteorological Administration, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China; State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, College of Global Change and Earth System Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China; Weather Modification Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

Recommended Citation:
Yang Y.,Zhao C.,Dong X.,et al. Toward understanding the process-level impacts of aerosols on microphysical properties of shallow cumulus cloud using aircraft observations[J]. Atmospheric Research,2019-01-01,221
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