globalchange  > 气候变化事实与影响
DOI: 10.1186/s13046-019-1099-x
WOS ID: WOS:000459909100003
Title:
Wild type p53 function in p53(Y220C) mutant harboring cells by treatment with Ashwagandha derived anticancer withanolides: bioinformatics and experimental evidence
Author: Sundar, Durai1; Yu, Yue2; Katiyar, Shashank P.1; Putri, Jayarani F.2; Dhanjal, Jaspreet Kaur1; Wang, Jia2; Sari, Anissa Nofita2; Kolettas, Evangelos3,4; Kaul, Sunil C.2; Wadhwa, Renu2
Corresponding Author: Kaul, Sunil C. ; Wadhwa, Renu
Source Publication: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL & CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH
ISSN: 1756-9966
Publishing Year: 2019
Volume: 38
Language: 英语
Keyword: Withaferin A ; Withanone ; p53 mutants ; Wild type p53 restoration ; Cancer therapy
WOS Keyword: CANCER-CELLS ; CYTOPLASMIC SEQUESTRATION ; LEAF EXTRACT ; CORE DOMAIN ; DNA-BINDING ; RESCUE ; REACTIVATION ; UBIQUITINATION ; MUTATIONS ; PROTEIN
WOS Category: Oncology
WOS Research Area: Oncology
English Abstract:

BackgroundTumor suppressor p53 protein is frequently mutated in a large majority of cancers. These mutations induce local or global changes in protein structure thereby affecting its binding to DNA. The structural differences between the wild type and mutant p53 thus provide an opportunity to selectively target mutated p53 harboring cancer cells. Restoration of wild type p53 activity in mutants using small molecules that can revert the structural changes have been considered for cancer therapeutics.MethodsWe used bioinformatics and molecular docking tools to investigate the structural changes between the wild type and mutant p53 proteins (p53(V143A), p53(R249S), p53(R273H) and p53(Y220C)) and explored the therapeutic potential of Withaferin A and Withanone for restoration of wild type p53 function in cancer cells. Cancer cells harboring the specific mutant p53 proteins were used for molecular assays to determine the mutant or wild type p53 functions.ResultsWe found that p53(V143A) mutation does not show any significant structural changes and was also refractory to the binding of withanolides. p53(R249S) mutation critically disturbed the H-bond network and destabilized the DNA binding site. However, withanolides did not show any selective binding to either this mutant or other similar variants. p53(Y220C) mutation created a cavity near the site of mutation with local loss of hydrophobicity and water network, leading to functionally inactive conformation. Mutated structure could accommodate withanolides suggesting their conformational selectivity to target p53(Y220C) mutant. Using human cell lines containing specific p53 mutant proteins, we demonstrated that Withaferin A, Withanone and the extract rich in these withanolides caused restoration of wild type p53 function in mutant p53(Y220C) cells. This was associated with induction of p21(WAF-1)-mediated growth arrest/apoptosis.ConclusionThe study suggested that withanolides may serve as highly potent anticancer compounds for treatment of cancers harboring a p53(Y220C) mutation.


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Document Type: 期刊论文
Identifier: http://119.78.100.158/handle/2HF3EXSE/130234
Appears in Collections:气候变化事实与影响

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Affiliation: 1.Indian Inst Technol IIT Delhi, Dept Biochem Engn & Biotechnol, DAILAB, New Delhi 110016, India
2.Natl Inst Adv Ind Sci & Technol, DBT AIST Int Ctr Translat & Environm Res DAICTR, DAILAB, Cent 5,1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 3058565, Japan
3.Univ Ioannina, Sch Med, Fac Hlth Sci, Lab Biol, GR-45110 Ioannina, Greece
4.Fdn Res & Technol, Inst Mol Biol & Biotechnol, Biomed Res Div, Ioannina 45110, Greece

Recommended Citation:
Sundar, Durai,Yu, Yue,Katiyar, Shashank P.,et al. Wild type p53 function in p53(Y220C) mutant harboring cells by treatment with Ashwagandha derived anticancer withanolides: bioinformatics and experimental evidence[J]. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL & CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH,2019-01-01,38
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