globalchange  > 过去全球变化的重建
DOI: 10.3119/fmars.2019.00196
WOS ID: WOS:000467010900001
Globally Consistent Quantitative Observations of Planktonic Ecosystems
Author: Lombard, Fabien1,2; Boss, Emmanuel3; Waite, Anya M.4; Vogt, Meike5; Uitz, Julia1; Stemmann, Lars1; Sosik, Heidi M.6; Schulz, Jan7; Romagnan, Jean-Baptiste8; Picheral, Marc1; Pearlman, Jay9; Ohman, Mark D.10; Niehoff, Barbara11; Moeller, Klas M.12; Miloslavich, Patricia13,14; Lara-Lpez, Ana13; Kudela, Raphael15; Lopes, Rubens M.16; Kiko, Rainer17; Karp-Boss, Lee3; Jaffe, Jules S.10; Iversen, Morten H.11,18,19; Frisson, Jean-Olivier1; Fennel, Katja20; Hauss, Helena17; Guidi, Lionel1; Gorsky, Gaby1; Giering, Sarah L. C.21; Gaube, Peter22; Gallager, Scott6; Dubelaar, George23; Cowen, Robert K.24; Carlotti, Francois25; Briseno-Avena, Christian24; Berline, Leo25; Benoit-Bird, Kelly26; Bax, Nicholas13,27; Batten, Sonia28; Ayata, Sakina Dorothee1,29; Artigas, Luis Felipe30; Appeltans, Ward31
Corresponding Author: Lombard, Fabien ; Boss, Emmanuel
EISSN: 2296-7745
Publishing Year: 2019
Volume: 6
Language: 英语
Keyword: plankton ; imaging ; OceanObs ; autonomous platforms ; global observing ; EOVs ; ECVs
WOS Category: Environmental Sciences ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
WOS Research Area: Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
English Abstract:

In this paper we review the technologies available to make globally quantitative observations of particles in general-and plankton in particular-in the world oceans, and for sizes varying from sub-microns to centimeters. Some of these technologies have been available for years while others have only recently emerged. Use of these technologies is critical to improve understanding of the processes that control abundances, distributions and composition of plankton, provide data necessary to constrain and improve ecosystem and biogeochemical models, and forecast changes in marine ecosystems in light of climate change. In this paper we begin by providing the motivation for plankton observations, quantification and diversity qualification on a global scale. We then expand on the state-of-the-art, detailing a variety of relevant and (mostly) mature technologies and measurements, including bulk measurements of plankton, pigment composition, uses of genomic, optical and acoustical methods as well as analysis using particle counters, flow cytometers and quantitative imaging devices. We follow by highlighting the requirements necessary for a plankton observing system, the approach to achieve it and associated challenges. We conclude with ranked action-item recommendations for the next 10 years to move toward our vision of a holistic ocean-wide plankton observing system. Particularly, we suggest to begin with a demonstration project on a GO-SHIP line and/or a long-term observation site and expand from there, ensuring that issues associated with methods, observation tools, data analysis, quality assessment and curation are addressed early in the implementation. Global coordination is key for the success of this vision and will bring new insights on processes associated with nutrient regeneration, ocean production, fisheries and carbon sequestration.

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被引频次[WOS]:45   [查看WOS记录]     [查看WOS中相关记录]
Document Type: 期刊论文
Appears in Collections:过去全球变化的重建

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Affiliation: 1.Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, Lab Oceanog Villefranche, Villefranche Sur Mer, France
2.Inst Univ France, Paris, France
3.Univ Maine, Sch Marine Sci, Orono, ME 04469 USA
4.Dalhousie Univ, Ocean Frontier Inst, Dept Oceanog, Halifax, NS, Canada
5.Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Inst Biogeochem & Pollutant Dynam, Zurich, Switzerland
6.Woods Hole Oceanog Inst, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA
7.Carl von Ossietzky Univ Oldenburg, Inst Chem & Biol Marine Environm, Oldenburg, Germany
8.Ifremer Ctr Atlantique, Unite Ecol & Modeles Halieut EMH, Nantes, France
9.IEEE, Port Angeles, WA USA
10.Univ Calif San Diego, Scripps Inst Oceanog, La Jolla, CA USA
11.Helmholtz Ctr Polar & Marine Res, Alfred Wegener Inst, Bremerhaven, Germany
12.Helmholt Zentrum Geesthacht, Inst Coastal Res, Geesthacht, Germany
13.Univ Tasmania, Inst Marine & Antarctic Sci, Hobart, Tas, Australia
14.Univ Simon Bolivar, Dept Estudios Ambientales, Caracas, Venezuela
15.UC Santa Cruz, Dept Ocean Sci, Santa Cruz, CA USA
16.Univ Sao Paulo, Oceanog Inst, Sao Paulo, Brazil
17.GEOMAR Helmholtz Ctr Ocean Res Kiel, Kiel, Germany
18.Univ Bremen, MARUM, Bremen, Germany
19.Univ Bremen, Fac Geosci, Bremen, Germany
20.Dalhousie Univ, Dept Oceanog, Halifax, NS, Canada
21.Natl Oceanog Ctr, Ocean Biogeochem & Ecosyst, Southampton, Hants, England
22.Univ Washington, Appl Phys Lab, Seattle, WA 98105 USA
23.CytoBuoy Bv, Woerden, Netherlands
24.Oregon State Univ, Hatfield Marine Sci Ctr, Newport, OR USA
25.Univ Toulon & Var, Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, IRD,MIO UM 110, Marseille, France
26.Monterey Bay Aquarium Res Inst, Moss Landing, CA USA
27.CSIRO Oceans & Atmosphere, Hobart, Tas, Australia
28.CPR Survey MBA, Nanaimo, BC, Canada
29.Univ Antilles, Sorbonne Univ, EPHE,CNRS, Inst Systemat Evolut,Biodiversite,Museum Natl His, Paris, France
30.Univ Littoral Cote dOpale, Univ Lille, UMR 8187, Lab Oceanol & Geosci,CNRS, Wimereux, France
31.UNESCO, IOC Project Off IODE, Intergovt Oceanog Commiss IOC, Oostende, Belgium

Recommended Citation:
Lombard, Fabien,Boss, Emmanuel,Waite, Anya M.,et al. Globally Consistent Quantitative Observations of Planktonic Ecosystems[J]. FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE,2019-01-01,6
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