globalchange  > 气候变化与战略
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2020.117371
Assessment of the seasonal cycle of nitrate in PM2.5 using chemical compositions and stable nitrogen and oxygen isotopes at Nanchang, China
Author: Luo L.; Pan Y.-Y.; Zhu R.-G.; Zhang Z.-Y.; Zheng N.-J.; Liu Y.-H.; Liu C.; Xiao H.-W.; Xiao H.-Y.
Source Publication: Atmospheric Environment
ISSN: 1352-2310
Publishing Year: 2020
Volume: 225
Language: 英语
Keyword: Atmospheric chemistry ; Isotopes ; Nitrates ; Nitrogen ; Nitrogen oxides ; Oxygen ; Chemical compositions ; Nanchang ; Nitrogen and oxygen isotopes ; PM2.5 ; Seasonal cycle ; Chlorine compounds ; hydroxyl radical ; nitrate ; nitrogen ; oxygen ; aerosol ; assessment method ; chemical composition ; concentration (composition) ; nitrate ; nitrogen isotope ; oxygen isotope ; particulate matter ; seasonal variation ; stable isotope ; air quality ; Article ; atmosphere ; autumn ; chemical composition ; China ; environmental temperature ; Northern Hemisphere ; oxidation ; particulate matter ; priority journal ; season ; seasonal variation ; spring ; summer ; temperature ; water content ; winter ; China ; Jiangxi ; Nanchang
Subject Area: Chemical compositions ; Nanchang ; Nitrate ; PM2.5 ; Seasonal cycle ; Stable nitrogen and oxygen isotopes
Abstract: Nitrate (particulate NO3− and gas-phase HNO3) are the primary acidic ions in the atmosphere and play important roles in regional air pollution. However, quantification of the formation pathways of atmospheric nitrate are still poorly understood. Samples of PM2.5 were collected at Nanchang, China, from September 2017 to August 2018. The concentrations of water-soluble ions and the stable isotopic compositions of δ18O-NO3− and δ15N-NO3− were measured. Seasonal values of δ15N-NO3− (autumn:4.4 ± 2.8‰; winter: 6.6 ± 2.4‰; spring: 4.4 ± 2.0‰; summer: 3.1 ± 2.4‰) suggest that seasonal cycles of NO3− in PM2.5 are mainly affected by NOx sources. The highest concentrations of NO3−, aerosol liquid water content (ALWC), Cl−, NH4+, and the lowest concentration of OH were showed during winter. These parameters exhibited opposite trends during summer. δ18O-NO3− values in PM2.5 during autumn (79.2 ± 6.7‰) and spring (73 ± 6.3‰) were between those observed in winter (86.4 ± 5.9‰) and summer (60.7 ± 3.9‰). Values of δ18O-HNO3 endmembers produced via pathway of NO2 + OH (PNO2+OH), pathway of N2O5 + H2O (PN2O5+H2O) and pathways of NO3 + VOCs, N2O5 + Cl−, ClNO3 + H2O and 2NO2 + H2O (Pother) were evaluated during four seasons. The possible fractional contributions of different HNO3 formation pathways to PM2.5 NO3− were assessed using the Bayesian isotope mixing model. The results show that the PNO2+OH contributes to 59 ± 5% and 12 ± 6% of HNO3 production during summer and winter, respectively. The possible fractional contributions of PN2O5+H2O in all seasons are comparable, but the contributions of Pother in winter are higher than those during summer. This study suggested that Pother may be important for wintertime NO3− formation and provides potential information for using chemical models to simulate atmospheric NO3− formation. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd
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Document Type: 期刊论文
Appears in Collections:气候变化与战略

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Affiliation: Jiangxi Province Key Laboratory of the Causes and Control of Atmospheric Pollution, East China University of Technology, Nanchang, 330013, China; School of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Technology, Nanchang, 330013, China

Recommended Citation:
Luo L.,Pan Y.-Y.,Zhu R.-G.,et al. Assessment of the seasonal cycle of nitrate in PM2.5 using chemical compositions and stable nitrogen and oxygen isotopes at Nanchang, China[J]. Atmospheric Environment,2020-01-01,225
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