globalchange  > 气候变化与战略
DOI: 10.5194/tc-15-1087-2021
Brief communication: Spatial and temporal variations in surface snow chemistry along a traverse from coastal East Antarctica to the ice sheet summit (Dome A)
Author: Shi G.; Ma H.; Hu Z.; Chen Z.; An C.; Jiang S.; Li Y.; Ma T.; Yu J.; Wang D.; Lu S.; Sun B.; G. Hastings M.
Source Publication: Cryosphere
ISSN: 19940416
Publishing Year: 2021
Volume: 15, Issue:2
pages begin: 1087
pages end: 1095
Language: 英语
Keyword: concentration (composition) ; environmental conditions ; oceanic circulation ; seasonal variation ; snow accumulation ; snow cover ; Southern Hemisphere ; spatiotemporal analysis ; Antarctic Ice Sheet ; Antarctica ; Dome Argus ; East Antarctic Ice Sheet ; East Antarctica ; Zhongshan Station
English Abstract: To better understand snow chemistry in different environments across the Antarctic ice sheet, we investigated snow ions on a traverse from the coast to Dome A. Results show that the non-sea-salt (nss) fractions of KC, Mg2C, and Ca2C are mainly from terrestrial particle mass and nssCl Is associated with HCl. Spatially, the non-sea-salt fractions of ions to the totals are higher in the interior areas than on the coast, and seasonally, the proportions are higher in summer than in winter. Negative nssSO2 4 on the coast indicates sea salts from the sea ice, and marine biogenic emissions dominate snow SO2 4 in interior areas throughout the year ions (e.g., NaC and Cl), in general, are the most abundant species and typically exhibit a clear spatial trend, with concentrations falling off sharply with distance from the coast. Temporally, with varied sources and lifetimes, ions in snow often exhibit different seasonal variations; e.g., seasalt-related ions show high concentrations in winter, while elevated concentrations of SO2 4 and NO 3 are frequently observed in summer (Neubauer and Heumann, 1988; Gragnani et al., 1998; Traversi et al., 2004; Shi et al., 2015). On annual to decadal timescales, ion concentrations in snow and ice tend to be associated with changes in transport from year to year (Severi et al., 2009; Weller et al., 2011), and thus largescale atmospheric and oceanic circulation in the Southern Hemisphere could potentially influence variations in snow and ice chemistry (Russell and McGregor, 2010; Weller et al., 2011; Mayewski et al., 2017). Although investigations of snow chemistry have been carried out along several overland traverses, the investigation of snow chemistry under different environmental conditions and over time is needed, given that the Antarctic ice sheet itself and precipitation and deposition patterns and trends are changing. The Chinese inland Antarctic traverse from the coastal Zhongshan Station to the ice sheet summit (Dome A) covers a range of environments (1250 km); e.g., a high snow accumulation rate is present on the coast and in some interior areas and a low accumulation rate is observed on the Dome A plateau. Several investigations have been carried out to determine the concentrations of a few ionic species and trace elements on the traverse (e.g., Li et al., 2016; Du et al., 2019), but only limited snow chemistry data were previously available. Therefore, we used surface snow and snow pit samples collected during five Chinese inland Antarctic scientific expedition campaigns to determine the spatial and temporal variations and their controlling factors in a comprehensive set of ions (NaC, NHC 4 , KC, Mg2C, Ca2C, Cl, NO3 , and SO2 4 ). © 2021 Copernicus GmbH. All rights reserved.
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被引频次[WOS]:3   [查看WOS记录]     [查看WOS中相关记录]
Document Type: 期刊论文
Appears in Collections:气候变化与战略

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Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science (Ministry of Education), School of Geographic Sciences and State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200241, China; Polar Research Institute of China, Shanghai, 200062, China; Department of Earth, Environmental and Planetary Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, United States; Institute at Brown for Environment and Society, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, United States

Recommended Citation:
Shi G.,Ma H.,Hu Z.,et al. Brief communication: Spatial and temporal variations in surface snow chemistry along a traverse from coastal East Antarctica to the ice sheet summit (Dome A)[J]. Cryosphere,2021-01-01,15(2)
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