globalchange  > 过去全球变化的重建
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0130710
Title:
Patterns of Freshwater Species Richness, Endemism, and Vulnerability in California
Author: Jeanette K. Howard; Kirk R. Klausmeyer; Kurt A. Fesenmyer; Joseph Furnish; Thomas Gardali; Ted Grantham; Jacob V. E. Katz; Sarah Kupferberg; Patrick McIntyre; Peter B. Moyle; Peter R. Ode; Ryan Peek; Rebecca M. Quiñones; Andrew C. Rehn; Nick Santos; Steve Schoenig; Larry Serpa; Jackson D. Shedd; Joe Slusark; Joshua H. Viers; Amber Wright; Scott A. Morrison
Source Publication: PLOS ONE
ISSN: 1932-6203
Publishing Year: 2015
Date Published: 2015-7-6
Volume: 10, Issue:7
Language: 英语
Keyword: Fresh water ; Conservation science ; Taxonomy ; Fishes ; California ; Plant taxonomy ; Endangered species ; Species diversity
English Abstract: The ranges and abundances of species that depend on freshwater habitats are declining worldwide. Efforts to counteract those trends are often hampered by a lack of information about species distribution and conservation status and are often strongly biased toward a few well-studied groups. We identified the 3,906 vascular plants, macroinvertebrates, and vertebrates native to California, USA, that depend on fresh water for at least one stage of their life history. We evaluated the conservation status for these taxa using existing government and non-governmental organization assessments (e.g., endangered species act, NatureServe), created a spatial database of locality observations or distribution information from ~400 data sources, and mapped patterns of richness, endemism, and vulnerability. Although nearly half of all taxa with conservation status (n = 1,939) are vulnerable to extinction, only 114 (6%) of those vulnerable taxa have a legal mandate for protection in the form of formal inclusion on a state or federal endangered species list. Endemic taxa are at greater risk than non-endemics, with 90% of the 927 endemic taxa vulnerable to extinction. Records with spatial data were available for a total of 2,276 species (61%). The patterns of species richness differ depending on the taxonomic group analyzed, but are similar across taxonomic level. No particular taxonomic group represents an umbrella for all species, but hotspots of high richness for listed species cover 40% of the hotspots for all other species and 58% of the hotspots for vulnerable freshwater species. By mapping freshwater species hotspots we show locations that represent the top priority for conservation action in the state. This study identifies opportunities to fill gaps in the evaluation of conservation status for freshwater taxa in California, to address the lack of occurrence information for nearly 40% of freshwater taxa and nearly 40% of watersheds in the state, and to implement adequate protections for freshwater taxa where they are currently lacking.
Related Link: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0130710&type=printable
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被引频次[WOS]:9   [查看WOS记录]     [查看WOS中相关记录]
Document Type: 期刊论文
Identifier: http://119.78.100.158/handle/2HF3EXSE/21174
Appears in Collections:过去全球变化的重建
影响、适应和脆弱性
科学计划与规划
气候变化与战略
全球变化的国际研究计划
气候减缓与适应
气候变化事实与影响

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Affiliation: The Nature Conservancy, San Francisco, California, United States of America;The Nature Conservancy, San Francisco, California, United States of America;Trout Unlimited, Boise, Idaho, United States of America;USDA Forest Service, Vallejo, California, United States of America;Point Blue Conservation Science, Petaluma, California, United States of America;Center for Watershed Sciences and Department of Wildlife Fish and Conservation Biology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America;Center for Watershed Sciences and Department of Wildlife Fish and Conservation Biology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America;Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America;Biogeographic Data Branch, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Sacramento, California, United States of America;Center for Watershed Sciences and Department of Wildlife Fish and Conservation Biology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America;Aquatic Bioassessment Laboratory, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Rancho Cordova, California, United States of America;Center for Watershed Sciences and Department of Wildlife Fish and Conservation Biology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America;Center for Watershed Sciences and Department of Wildlife Fish and Conservation Biology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America;Biogeographic Data Branch, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Sacramento, California, United States of America;Center for Watershed Sciences and Department of Wildlife Fish and Conservation Biology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America;Biogeographic Data Branch, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Sacramento, California, United States of America;The Nature Conservancy, San Francisco, California, United States of America;The Nature Conservancy, San Francisco, California, United States of America;Biogeographic Data Branch, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Sacramento, California, United States of America;School of Engineering, University of California Merced, Merced, California, United States of America;Department of Biology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America;The Nature Conservancy, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Recommended Citation:
Jeanette K. Howard,Kirk R. Klausmeyer,Kurt A. Fesenmyer,et al. Patterns of Freshwater Species Richness, Endemism, and Vulnerability in California[J]. PLOS ONE,2015-01-01,10(7)
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