globalchange  > 过去全球变化的重建
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173812
Title:
A systematic review of ecological attributes that confer resilience to climate change in environmental restoration
Author: Britta L. Timpane-Padgham; Tim Beechie; Terrie Klinger
Source Publication: PLOS ONE
ISSN: 1932-6203
Publishing Year: 2017
Date Published: 2017-3-16
Volume: 12, Issue:3
Language: 英语
Keyword: Habitats ; Ecosystem functioning ; Ecosystems ; Climate change ; Biodiversity ; Population genetics ; Endangered species ; Restoration ecology
English Abstract: Ecological restoration is widely practiced as a means of rehabilitating ecosystems and habitats that have been degraded or impaired through human use or other causes. Restoration practices now are confronted by climate change, which has the potential to influence long-term restoration outcomes. Concepts and attributes from the resilience literature can help improve restoration and monitoring efforts under changing climate conditions. We systematically examined the published literature on ecological resilience to identify biological, chemical, and physical attributes that confer resilience to climate change. We identified 45 attributes explicitly related to climate change and classified them as individual- (9), population- (6), community- (7), ecosystem- (7), or process-level attributes (16). Individual studies defined resilience as resistance to change or recovery from disturbance, and only a few studies explicitly included both concepts in their definition of resilience. We found that individual and population attributes generally are suited to species- or habitat-specific restoration actions and applicable at the population scale. Community attributes are better suited to habitat-specific restoration at the site scale, or system-wide restoration at the ecosystem scale. Ecosystem and process attributes vary considerably in their type and applicability. We summarize these relationships in a decision support table and provide three example applications to illustrate how these classifications can be used to prioritize climate change resilience attributes for specific restoration actions. We suggest that (1) including resilience as an explicit planning objective could increase the success of restoration projects, (2) considering the ecological context and focal scale of a restoration action is essential in choosing appropriate resilience attributes, and (3) certain ecological attributes, such as diversity and connectivity, are more commonly considered to confer resilience because they apply to a wide variety of species and ecosystems. We propose that identifying sources of ecological resilience is a critical step in restoring ecosystems in a changing climate.
Related Link: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0173812&type=printable
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Document Type: 期刊论文
Identifier: http://119.78.100.158/handle/2HF3EXSE/25871
Appears in Collections:过去全球变化的重建
影响、适应和脆弱性
科学计划与规划
气候变化与战略
全球变化的国际研究计划
气候减缓与适应
气候变化事实与影响

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Affiliation: School for Marine and Environmental Affairs, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America;Ocean Associates Inc., under contract to Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Services, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association, Seattle, Washington, United States of America;Fish Ecology Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association, Seattle, Washington, United States of America;School for Marine and Environmental Affairs, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Recommended Citation:
Britta L. Timpane-Padgham,Tim Beechie,Terrie Klinger. A systematic review of ecological attributes that confer resilience to climate change in environmental restoration[J]. PLOS ONE,2017-01-01,12(3)
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