globalchange  > 过去全球变化的重建
DOI: 10.1007/s00382-012-1408-y
Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84876819216
Aerosol and ozone changes as forcing for climate evolution between 1850 and 2100
Author: Szopa S.; Balkanski Y.; Schulz M.; Bekki S.; Cugnet D.; Fortems-Cheiney A.; Turquety S.; Cozic A.; Déandreis C.; Hauglustaine D.; Idelkadi A.; Lathière J.; Lefevre F.; Marchand M.; Vuolo R.; Yan N.; Dufresne J.-L.
Source Publication: Climate Dynamics
ISSN: 9307575
Publishing Year: 2013
Volume: 40, Issue:2017-09-10
pages begin: 2223
pages end: 2250
Language: 英语
Keyword: Aerosols ; Climate-chemistry ; Future projections ; Modeling ; Ozone ; Radiative forcing
English Abstract: Global aerosol and ozone distributions and their associated radiative forcings were simulated between 1850 and 2100 following a recent historical emission dataset and under the representative concentration pathways (RCP) for the future. These simulations were used in an Earth System Model to account for the changes in both radiatively and chemically active compounds, when simulating the climate evolution. The past negative stratospheric ozone trends result in a negative climate forcing culminating at -0. 15 W m-2 in the 1990s. In the meantime, the tropospheric ozone burden increase generates a positive climate forcing peaking at 0. 41 W m-2. The future evolution of ozone strongly depends on the RCP scenario considered. In RCP4. 5 and RCP6. 0, the evolution of both stratospheric and tropospheric ozone generate relatively weak radiative forcing changes until 2060-2070 followed by a relative 30 % decrease in radiative forcing by 2100. In contrast, RCP8. 5 and RCP2. 6 model projections exhibit strongly different ozone radiative forcing trajectories. In the RCP2. 6 scenario, both effects (stratospheric ozone, a negative forcing, and tropospheric ozone, a positive forcing) decline towards 1950s values while they both get stronger in the RCP8. 5 scenario. Over the twentieth century, the evolution of the total aerosol burden is characterized by a strong increase after World War II until the middle of the 1980s followed by a stabilization during the last decade due to the strong decrease in sulfates in OECD countries since the 1970s. The cooling effects reach their maximal values in 1980, with -0. 34 and -0. 28 W m-2 respectively for direct and indirect total radiative forcings. According to the RCP scenarios, the aerosol content, after peaking around 2010, is projected to decline strongly and monotonically during the twenty-first century for the RCP8. 5, 4. 5 and 2. 6 scenarios. While for RCP6. 0 the decline occurs later, after peaking around 2050. As a consequence the relative importance of the total cooling effect of aerosols becomes weaker throughout the twenty-first century compared with the positive forcing of greenhouse gases. Nevertheless, both surface ozone and aerosol content show very different regional features depending on the future scenario considered. Hence, in 2050, surface ozone changes vary between -12 and +12 ppbv over Asia depending on the RCP projection, whereas the regional direct aerosol radiative forcing can locally exceed -3 W m-2. © 2012 The Author(s).
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被引频次[WOS]:100   [查看WOS记录]     [查看WOS中相关记录]
Document Type: 期刊论文
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Affiliation: Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, LSCE-IPSL, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, L'Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France; Norwegian Meteorological Institute (MetNo), Olso, Norway; LATMOS-IPSL, UPMC-UVSQ-CNRS, Paris, France; LMD-IPSL, UPMC, CNRS, ENS, Ecole Polytechnique, Paris, France; IPSL, Paris, France

Recommended Citation:
Szopa S.,Balkanski Y.,Schulz M.,et al. Aerosol and ozone changes as forcing for climate evolution between 1850 and 2100[J]. Climate Dynamics,2013-01-01,40(2017-09-10)
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