globalchange  > 影响、适应和脆弱性
DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13714
A global synthesis of the effects of diversified farming systems on arthropod diversity within fields and across agricultural landscapes
Author: Lichtenberg E.M.; Kennedy C.M.; Kremen C.; Batáry P.; Berendse F.; Bommarco R.; Bosque-Pérez N.A.; Carvalheiro L.G.; Snyder W.E.; Williams N.M.; Winfree R.; Klatt B.K.; Åström S.; Benjamin F.; Brittain C.; Chaplin-Kramer R.; Clough Y.; Danforth B.; Diekötter T.; Eigenbrode S.D.; Ekroos J.; Elle E.; Freitas B.M.; Fukuda Y.; Gaines-Day H.R.; Grab H.; Gratton C.; Holzschuh A.; Isaacs R.; Isaia M.; Jha S.; Jonason D.; Jones V.P.; Klein A.-M.; Krauss J.; Letourneau D.K.; Macfadyen S.; Mallinger R.E.; Martin E.A.; Martinez E.; Memmott J.; Morandin L.; Neame L.; Otieno M.; Park M.G.; Pfiffner L.; Pocock M.J.O.; Ponce C.; Potts S.G.; Poveda K.; Ramos M.; Rosenheim J.A.; Rundlöf M.; Sardiñas H.; Saunders M.E.; Schon N.L.; Sciligo A.R.; Sidhu C.S.; Steffan-Dewenter I.; Tscharntke T.; Veselý M.; Weisser W.W.; Wilson J.K.; Crowder D.W.
Source Publication: Global Change Biology
ISSN: 13541013
Publishing Year: 2017
Language: 英语
Keyword: Agricultural management schemes ; Arthropod diversity ; Biodiversity ; Evenness ; Functional groups ; Landscape complexity ; Meta-analysis ; Organic farming ; Plant diversity
English Abstract: Agricultural intensification is a leading cause of global biodiversity loss, which can reduce the provisioning of ecosystem services in managed ecosystems. Organic farming and plant diversification are farm management schemes that may mitigate potential ecological harm by increasing species richness and boosting related ecosystem services to agroecosystems. What remains unclear is the extent to which farm management schemes affect biodiversity components other than species richness, and whether impacts differ across spatial scales and landscape contexts. Using a global metadataset, we quantified the effects of organic farming and plant diversification on abundance, local diversity (communities within fields), and regional diversity (communities across fields) of arthropod pollinators, predators, herbivores, and detritivores. Both organic farming and higher in-field plant diversity enhanced arthropod abundance, particularly for rare taxa. This resulted in increased richness but decreased evenness. While these responses were stronger at local relative to regional scales, richness and abundance increased at both scales, and richness on farms embedded in complex relative to simple landscapes. Overall, both organic farming and in-field plant diversification exerted the strongest effects on pollinators and predators, suggesting these management schemes can facilitate ecosystem service providers without augmenting herbivore (pest) populations. Our results suggest that organic farming and plant diversification promote diverse arthropod metacommunities that may provide temporal and spatial stability of ecosystem service provisioning. Conserving diverse plant and arthropod communities in farming systems therefore requires sustainable practices that operate both within fields and across landscapes. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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被引频次[WOS]:52   [查看WOS记录]     [查看WOS中相关记录]
Document Type: 期刊论文
Appears in Collections:影响、适应和脆弱性

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Affiliation: Department of Entomology Washington State University Pullman, WA USA; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology The University of Arizona Tucson, AZ USA; Global Lands Program The Nature Conservancy Fort Collins, CO USA; Department of Environmental Sciences, Policy and Management University of California Berkeley, CA USA; Agroecology University of Goettingen Göttingen Germany; Nature Conservation and Plant Ecology Group Wageningen University Wageningen the Netherlands; Department of Ecology Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Uppsala Sweden; Department of Entomology, Plant Pathology and Nematology University of Idaho Moscow, ID USA; Departamento de Ecologia Universidade de Brasília Brasília Brazil; Center for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (CE3C) Faculdade de Ciencias Universidade de Lisboa Lisboa Portugal; Department of Entomology and Nematology University of California Davis, CA USA; Department of Ecology, Evolution and Natural Resources Rutgers University New Brunswick, NJ USA; Centre for Environmental and Climate Research Lund University Lund Sweden; Department of Biology Lund University Lund Sweden; Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA) Trondheim Norway; Natural Capital Project Stanford University Stanford, CA USA; Department of Entomology Cornell University Ithaca, NY USA; Department of Landscape Ecology Kiel University Kiel Germany; Department of Biological Sciences Simon Fraser University Burnaby, BC Canada; Departamento de Zootecnia Universidade Federal do Ceará Fortaleza, CE Brazil; Centres for the Study of Agriculture Food and Environment University of Otago Dunedin New Zealand; Department of Entomology University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, WI USA; Department of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology, Biocenter University of Würzburg Würzburg Germany; Department of Entomology Michigan State University East Lansing, MI USA; Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology University of Torino Torino Italy; Department of Integrative Biology University of Texas at Austin Austin, TX USA; Department of Physical Geography Stockholm University Stockholm Sweden; Department of Entomology Tree Fruit Research and Extension Center Washington State University Wenatchee, WA USA; Nature Conservation and Landscape Ecology Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources University of Freiburg Freiburg Germany; Department of Environmental Studies University of California Santa Cruz, CA USA; CSIRO Acton, ACT Australia; CORPOICA Centro de Investigación Obonuco Pasto Colombia; School of Biological Sciences University of Bristol Bristol UK; Pollinator Partnership Canada Victoria, BC Canada; Alberta Environment and Parks Regional Planning Branch Edmonton, AB Canada; Department of Agricultural Resource Management Embu University College Embu Kenya; Department of Humanities and Integrated Studies University of North Dakota Grand Forks, ND USA; Department of Crop Science Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Frick Switzerland; NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Wallingford UK; Department of Evolutionary Ecology Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales CSIC Madrid Spain; Centre for Agri-Environmental Research School of Agriculture, Policy and Development University of Reading Reading UK; Department of Agricultural Technology University of Puerto Rico at Utuado Utuado, PR USA; Institute for Land Water and Society Charles Sturt University Albury, NSW Australia; AgResearch Lincoln Research Centre Christchurch New Zealand; University of California Cooperative Extension, San Mateo and San Francisco Counties Half Moon Bay, CA USA; Department of Zoology Faculty of Science Palacký University Olomouc Czech Republic; Terrestrial Ecology Research Group Department for Ecology and Ecosystem Management School of Life Sciences Weihenstephan Technical University of Munich Freising Germany; Department of Integrative Biology University of Texas at Austin Austin, TX USA

Recommended Citation:
Lichtenberg E.M.,Kennedy C.M.,Kremen C.,et al. A global synthesis of the effects of diversified farming systems on arthropod diversity within fields and across agricultural landscapes[J]. Global Change Biology,2017-01-01
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