globalchange  > 影响、适应和脆弱性
DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12048
Ocean acidification increases the toxicity of contaminated sediments
Author: Roberts D.A.; Birchenough S.N.R.; Lewis C.; Sanders M.B.; Bolam T.; Sheahan D.
Source Publication: Global Change Biology
ISSN: 13541013
Publishing Year: 2013
Volume: 19, Issue:2
pages begin: 340
pages end: 351
Language: 英语
Keyword: Contaminated sediment ; Corophium volutator ; DNA damage ; Metals ; Ocean acidification ; Toxicity
Scopus Keyword: acid ; acidification ; amphipod ; benthos ; bioavailability ; marine sediment ; metal ; pollution effect ; sediment pollution ; toxicity ; Amphipoda ; animal ; article ; chemistry ; comet assay ; dangerous goods ; drug effect ; quality control ; sea ; sediment ; water pollutant ; water quality ; Acids ; Amphipoda ; Animals ; Comet Assay ; Geologic Sediments ; Hazardous Substances ; Oceans and Seas ; Quality Control ; Water Pollutants, Chemical ; Water Quality ; Amphipoda ; Corophium volutator
English Abstract: Ocean acidification (OA) may alter the behaviour of sediment-bound metals, modifying their bioavailability and thus toxicity. We provide the first experimental test of this hypothesis with the amphipod Corophium volutator. Amphipods were exposed to two test sediments, one with relatively high metals concentrations (Σmetals 239 mg kg-1) and a reference sediment with lower contamination (Σmetals 82 mg kg-1) under conditions that mimic current and projected conditions of OA (390-1140 μatm pCO2). Survival and DNA damage was measured in the amphipods, whereas the flux of labile metals was measured in the sediment and water column (WC) using Diffusive Gradients in Thin-films. The contaminated sediments became more acutely toxic to C. volutator under elevated pCO2 (1140 μatm). There was also a 2.7-fold increase in DNA damage in amphipods exposed to the contaminated sediment at 750 μatm pCO2, as well as increased DNA damage in organisms exposed to the reference sediment, but only at 1140 μatm pCO2. The projected pCO2 concentrations increased the flux of nickel and zinc to labile states in the WC and pore water. However, the increase in metal flux at elevated pCO2 was equal between the reference and contaminated sediments or, occasionally, greater from reference sediments. Hence, the toxicological interaction between OA and contaminants could not be explained by e ffects of pH on metal speciation. We propose that the additive physiological effects of OA and contaminants will be more important than changes in metal speciation in determining the responses of benthos to contaminated sediments under OA. Our data demonstrate clear potential for near-future OA to increase the susceptibility of benthic ecosystems to contaminants. Environmental policy should consider contaminants within the context of changing environmental conditions. Specifically, sediment metals guidelines may need to be reevaluated to afford appropriate environmental protection under future conditions of OA. copy; 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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Document Type: 期刊论文
Appears in Collections:影响、适应和脆弱性

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Affiliation: Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Lowestoft, NR33 0HT, United Kingdom; School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, 4811, Australia; College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, EX4 4QD, United Kingdom; Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Weymouth, DT4 8UB, United Kingdom

Recommended Citation:
Roberts D.A.,Birchenough S.N.R.,Lewis C.,et al. Ocean acidification increases the toxicity of contaminated sediments[J]. Global Change Biology,2013-01-01,19(2)
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