globalchange  > 气候变化事实与影响
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.07.029
Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85025164481
Comparison of air pollutant emissions and household air quality in rural homes using improved wood and coal stoves
Author: Du W; , Shen G; , Chen Y; , Zhu X; , Zhuo S; , Zhong Q; , Qi M; , Xue C; , Liu G; , Zeng E; , Xing B; , Tao S
Source Publication: Atmospheric Environment
ISSN: 0168-2563
EISSN: 1573-515X
Publishing Year: 2017
Volume: 166
pages begin: 215
pages end: 223
Language: 英语
Keyword: Climate change ; Field emission testing ; Fuel consumption ; Household air pollution ; Intervention ; Wood gasifier stove
Scopus Keyword: Air pollution ; Air quality ; Carbon dioxide ; Climate change ; Coal ; Fuel consumption ; Global warming ; Organic carbon ; Pollution ; Stoves ; Wood ; Air pollutant emission ; Ambient particles ; Emission testing ; Gasifiers ; Global warming potential ; Intervention ; Intervention programs ; Potential impacts ; Coal combustion ; black carbon ; carbon ; carbon dioxide ; coal ; methane ; organic carbon ; sulfur dioxide ; air quality ; carbon dioxide ; climate change ; coal ; combustion ; comparative study ; cooking appliance ; emission inventory ; fuel consumption ; global warming ; indoor air ; methane ; particle size ; particulate matter ; replacement ; rural atmosphere ; sulfur dioxide ; wood ; air pollutant ; air quality ; Article ; climate change ; combustion ; comparative study ; controlled study ; environmental impact ; greenhouse effect ; home ; indoor air pollution ; kitchen ; priority journal ; renewable energy ; rural area ; stove ; wood ; Air Pollution ; Carbon Black ; China ; Coal ; Seasonal Variation ; China ; Hubei
Subject of Scopus: Environmental Science: Water Science and Technology ; Earth and Planetary Sciences: Earth-Surface Processes ; Environmental Science: Environmental Chemistry
English Abstract: Air pollutant emissions, fuel consumption, and household air pollution were investigated in rural Hubei, central China, as a revisited evaluation of an intervention program to replace coal use by wood in gasifier stoves. Measured emission factors were comparable to the results measured two years ago when the program was initiated. Coal combustion produced significantly higher emissions of CO2, CH4, and SO2 compared with wood combustion; however, wood combustion in gasifier stoves had higher emissions of primary PM2.5 (particles with diameter less than 2.5 μm), Elemental Carbon (EC) and Organic Carbon (OC). In terms of potential impacts on climate, although the use of wood in gasifier stoves produced more black carbon (6.37 vs 910 gCO2e per day per capita from coal and wood use) and less SO2 (-684 vs -312), obvious benefits could be obtained owing to greater OC emissions (-15.4 vs -431), fewer CH4 emissions (865 vs 409) and, moreover, a reduction of CO2 emissions. The total GWC100 (Global Warming Potential over a time horizon of 100 years) would decrease by approximately 90% if coal use were replaced with renewable wood burned in gasifier stoves. However, similar levels of ambient particles and higher indoor OC and EC were found at homes using wood gasifier stoves compared to the coal-use homes. This suggests critical investigations on potential health impacts from the carbon-reduction intervention program. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
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Document Type: 期刊论文
Appears in Collections:气候变化事实与影响

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Affiliation: Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China; College of Environment, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China; Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, China; School of Environment, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Environmental Exposure and Health, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China; Stockbridge School of Agriculture, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, United States

Recommended Citation:
Du W,, Shen G,, Chen Y,et al. Comparison of air pollutant emissions and household air quality in rural homes using improved wood and coal stoves[J]. Atmospheric Environment,2017-01-01,166
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