globalchange  > 影响、适应和脆弱性
DOI: 10.1002/2017MS001209
Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85045639367
The GFDL Global Atmosphere and Land Model AM4.0/LM4.0: 2. Model Description, Sensitivity Studies, and Tuning Strategies
Author: Zhao M; , Golaz J; -C; , Held I; M; , Guo H; , Balaji V; , Benson R; , Chen J; -H; , Chen X; , Donner L; J; , Dunne J; P; , Dunne K; , Durachta J; , Fan S; -M; , Freidenreich S; M; , Garner S; T; , Ginoux P; , Harris L; M; , Horowitz L; W; , Krasting J; P; , Langenhorst A; R; , Liang Z; , Lin P; , Lin S; -J; , Malyshev S; L; , Mason E; , Milly P; C; D; , Ming Y; , Naik V; , Paulot F; , Paynter D; , Phillipps P; , Radhakrishnan A; , Ramaswamy V; , Robinson T; , Schwarzkopf D; , Seman C; J; , Shevliakova E; , Shen Z; , Shin H; , Silvers L; G; , Wilson J; R; , Winton M; , Wittenberg A; T; , Wyman B; , Xiang B
Source Publication: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
ISSN: 19422466
Publishing Year: 2018
Volume: 10, Issue:3
pages begin: 735
pages end: 769
Language: 英语
Keyword: Aerosols ; Earth atmosphere ; Aerosol effect ; Atmospheric variability ; Climate simulation ; Global atmospheric models ; Global climate model ; Climate models ; aerosol ; atmospheric modeling ; climate modeling ; cloud ; convection ; drag ; global climate ; gravity wave ; model ; orography ; parameterization ; simulation
English Abstract: In Part 2 of this two-part paper, documentation is provided of key aspects of a version of the AM4.0/LM4.0 atmosphere/land model that will serve as a base for a new set of climate and Earth system models (CM4 and ESM4) under development at NOAA's Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL). The quality of the simulation in AMIP (Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project) mode has been provided in Part 1. Part 2 provides documentation of key components and some sensitivities to choices of model formulation and values of parameters, highlighting the convection parameterization and orographic gravity wave drag. The approach taken to tune the model's clouds to observations is a particular focal point. Care is taken to describe the extent to which aerosol effective forcing and Cess sensitivity have been tuned through the model development process, both of which are relevant to the ability of the model to simulate the evolution of temperatures over the last century when coupled to an ocean model. © 2018. The Authors.
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被引频次[WOS]:59   [查看WOS记录]     [查看WOS中相关记录]
Document Type: 期刊论文
Appears in Collections:影响、适应和脆弱性

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Affiliation: GFDL/NOAA, Princeton, NJ, United States; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, United States; UCAR/GFDL, Princeton, NJ, United States; Princeton University/GFDL, Princeton, NJ, United States; U.S. Geological Survey, Princeton, NJ, United States; Engility Corporation/GFDLNJ, United States; NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett FieldCA, United States; United States

Recommended Citation:
Zhao M,, Golaz J,-C,et al. The GFDL Global Atmosphere and Land Model AM4.0/LM4.0: 2. Model Description, Sensitivity Studies, and Tuning Strategies[J]. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems,2018-01-01,10(3)
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